Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Radical mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which the breast, underlying chest muscle (including pectoralis major and pectoralis minor), and lymph nodes of the axilla are removed as a treatment for breast cancer. It was developed and first performed by William Stewart Halsted in 1882. From about 1895 to the mid-1970s about 90% of the women being treated for breast cancer in the US underwent the radical mastectomy. This is a very morbid surgery and is not performed except in extreme cases. Technique Incision : (1) elliptical skin incision ( mayer''s incision ) including akin , nipple and areola overlying the tumour extending 5 c.m around tumour (2) linear incision extending from coracoid process of scapula down to midline below xiphoid process.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "6-pack," is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen (and in some other animals). There are two parallel muscles, separated by a midline band of connective tissue called the linea alba (white line). It extends from the pubic symphysis/pubic crest inferiorly to the xiphisternum/xiphoid process and lower costal cartilages (5 7) superiorly. It is contained in the rectus sheath. The rectus is usually crossed by three fibrous bands linked by the tendinous intersections.
In Yoga: Awakening the Inner Body, Donald Moyer draws on over thirty years of yoga teaching and practice experience. His groundbreaking work is designed for yoga students and teachers to develop a home practice and to deepen their understanding of all aspects of yoga-the anatomical, the physiological, the mental, and the spiritual. In Part One, 'Finding Inner Balance,' he offers a comprehensive guide for the practice of yoga's two most important inverted poses. These two chapters help you select props according to your body type, and suggest ways to check your alignment once you are in the pose. &#8226; Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand), including variations and alternatives &#8226; Salamba Sirsasana (Headstand), including variations and alternatives Part Two, 'Themes and Variations,' consists of six chapters, each focusing on a different aspect of the upper body. Each chapter begins with an anatomical introducation that establishes the theme to be explored in the subsequent practice sequence. The sequences include standing poses, backbends, twists, inverted poses, forward bends, pranayama (breathing practice), and relaxation. &#8226; The Three Diaphragms: balance your three diaphragms (pelvic, respiratory, and thoracic) to facilitate movement and improve breathing &#8226; Balance Your Sternum: align your sternum-the manubrium (upper sternum), the sternal body, and the xiphoid process-to free your upper spine &#8226; Collarbones, Kidneys, and Groins: discover an effortless way to stabilize the pelvis, open the shoulders, and lengthen the spine &#8226; Align Your Shoulder Blades: work with a circular movement of your shoulder blades to create space in your shoulder joints &#8226; Stabilize Your Elbows: learn how to strengthen your arms by stabilizing your elbow joints &#8226; Strengthen the Base of Your Neck: activate the deeper muscles of your neck for a strong and healthy cervical spine